Pulled elbows

Cite this article as: Davis, T. Pulled elbows, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2018. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.16407 Annie is a 2 year old who has a painful arm. Her mum was holding her hand as she walked along the pavement. Annie tripped and Annie’s mum tried to stop the fall. Since then she hasn’t been using…

Foot x-rays

Cite this article as: Davis, T. Foot x-rays, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2018. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.129241. Check you have the right views. There are two views in foot x-rays DP (dorsal-plantar) and oblique. Both should ideally be done when weight-bearing if your patient can manage it.   2. Review the bones.  Work round the bones…

C-spine x-ray interpretation

Cite this article as: Partyka, C. C-spine x-ray interpretation, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2017. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.13656The ABC’s of the cervical spine provide a helpful mnemonic to guide the systematic assessment of these x-rays. Remember; you require all three views (lateral, AP and odontoid/open mouth view) for an adequate study.

Mandible x-rays

Cite this article as: Davis, T. Mandible x-rays, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2016. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.10597An orthopantomogram (OPG) is a good view to demonstrate most mandibular fractures.   A PA mandible shows the displacement of fractures. It also demonstrates symphysis menti fractures which can be missed on the OPG. If an OPG cannot be obtained,…

Facial bone x-rays

Cite this article as: Davis, T. Facial bone x-rays, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2016. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.10471There are two views – occipito-mental view and occipito-mental 30o view The occipito-mental view demonstrates the upper and middle thirds of the face including the orbital margins, frontal sinuses, zygomatic arches and maxillary antra The occipito-mental 30o view shows…

Ankle x-rays

Cite this article as: Davis, T. Ankle x-rays, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2016. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.9992The ankle consists of three bones – the tibia, the fibula, and the talus. The ankle also consist of two joints – the ankle joint (where the tibia, fibula and talus meet) and the syndesmosis joint (the joint between the…

Knee X-rays

Cite this article as: Davis, T. Knee X-rays, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2014. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.64711.  Know your knee anatomy See the the anatomical landmarks on the diagrams below.   Remember that the knees of younger children will look different, as the patella forms, and the ossification centres form.   2. Look for an effusion…

CRITOE

Cite this article as: Yamamoto, L. CRITOE, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: https://dontforgetthebubbles.com/critoe/A 7 year old male presents to the ED with isolated right elbow pain three hours after falling on his out-stretched right arm while roller blading.

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