Hypertension

Cite this article as: Ben Reynolds. Hypertension, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: https://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.3011 A 3 year old attends the ED with a vomiting illness.  Routine observations include a blood pressure measured consistently as 125/80. Should you ignore it?

Juvenile lupus erythematosus

Cite this article as: Louise Watson. Juvenile lupus erythematosus, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: https://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.4221 A 12-year-old girl is admitted to general paediatrics with fever, malaise and pain in the small joints of both hands. Sepsis work-up is negative, and she is referred to paediatric rheumatology for an opinion.

Nephrotic syndrome

Cite this article as: Ben Reynolds. Nephrotic syndrome, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: https://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.4087 Ella is a 3-year-old girl, who presents with bilateral lower leg oedema and facial puffiness.  Dipstick of her urine shows 3-4+ of protein.  Her BP is normal. 

Renal Failure

Cite this article as: Marc Anders. Renal Failure, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: https://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.3719Definition: acute kidney injury (AKI) is failure of the kidneys to regulate electrolyte, acid-base and fluid homeostasis adequately with concomitant reduction in glomerular filtration rate (GFR). pRIFLE (paediatric Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, End-Stage Criteria). Chronic renal failure: hyperfiltration, estimated creatinine clearance <75 ml/min/1.73m2 , hypertension,…

Diabetes Insipidus

Cite this article as: Tessa Davis. Diabetes Insipidus, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: https://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.3030 A 5-year-old girl is on the ward following resection of a craniopharyngioma.  The nurses call you because her urine output has increased dramatically over the last few hours.  You check her sodium and it’s 150. Is your brain hurting…