Skip to content

Bubble Wrap PLUS – July 2024


Can’t get enough of Bubble Wrap? The Bubble Wrap Plus is a monthly paediatric Journal Club reading list from Professor Jaan Toelen (University Hospitals Leuven) and Dr Anke Raaijmakers (Sydney Children’s Hospital). 

This comprehensive list is developed from 34 journals, including major and subspecialty paediatric journals. We suggest this list can help you discover relevant or interesting articles for your local journal club or allow you to keep a finger on the pulse of paediatric research.

In this month’s issue of Pediatrics, Brewster and colleagues investigated how well Google Translate and ChatGPT perform in translating discharge instructions. Patients who speak languages other than the health care professionals (English in the study) face barriers to equitable healthcare delivery. They used standardized discharge instructions for paediatric conditions that were then translated into Spanish, Brazilian Portuguese, and Haitian Creole by professional translation services, Google Translate and ChatGPT-4.0.

Surprisingly, Google Translate and ChatGPT demonstrated similar translations for Spanish and Portuguese to the professional translations. For Haitian Creole, professional translations demonstrated significantly greater adequacy, fluency, meaning, and severity scores. Machine translation platforms were comparable to professional translations for Spanish and Portuguese (more prevalent languages), but shortcomings in quality, accuracy, and preference persist for Haitian Creole (a less common language). Before using translation platforms to assist us, diverse, multilingual training data are needed to ensure safe clinical practice.

Roby and colleagues investigated paediatric concussion with different mechanisms of injury in a younger age group (5 to 12-year-olds). They divided them into sport-related concussions, recreation-related concussions, and non-sport/recreation-related concussions. Recreational and non-sports/recreational concussions were more common than sports-induced ones. The first happened with less supervision (at the time of injury) and less direct access to established concussion health care following injury.  These patients also presented more often and took longer to present to specialists.  Delays in care may lead to delayed access to targeted rehabilitation and therefore longer recovery times.

Lastly, in this month’s issue of JAMA Pediatrics, Gemmill et al. observed increased infant death rates in Texas after a ban on abortion in early pregnancy. Compared to the rest of the US, Texas faced a 12.9% increase, vs. a 1.8% increase in the rest of the US. Surprisingly, infant deaths attributable to congenital anomalies increased more in Texas (22.9% increase) but not in the rest of the US (3.1% decrease). Restrictive abortion policies may have significant unintended consequences in terms of trauma to families and medical costs because of increases in infant mortality. These findings are particularly relevant given the potential subsequent rollbacks of reproductive rights in many US states and worldwide.

You will find the list is broken down into four sections:

1.Reviews and opinion articles

Current approach to cerebral palsy.

Saranti A, et al. Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2024 May 31;51:49-57.

Kidney function evaluation in children and adolescents with obesity: a not-negligible need.

Barlabà A, et al. Eur J Pediatr. 2024 Jun 13. 

No adults allowed: Adolescents and Medical Decision Making.

Nemetz ETA, et al. Paediatr Child Health. 2023 Oct 16;29(3):171-173. 

Navigating the microbial maze: unraveling the connection between gut microbiome and pediatric kidney and urinary tract disease.

Kusumi K, et al. Pediatr Nephrol. 2024 Jun 3. 

Depression – Screening and Treating Depression in Adolescents.

Crawford CM, et al. N Engl J Med. 2024 Jun 13;390(22):e56. – video mini series

2.Original clinical studies

Microbiome and Growth in Infants with Congenital Heart Disease.

Fundora MP, et al. J Pediatr. 2024 Jun 27:114169. 

Characteristics of Pediatric Concussion across Different Mechanisms of Injury in 5 through 12-Year-Olds.

Roby PR, et al. J Pediatr. 2024 Jun 18:114157. 

Accelerating Innovation in Primary Care to Support Adolescent Health Discussions.

Jenssen BP, et al. Pediatrics. 2024 Jun 5:e2023064285. 

Hyperemesis gravidarum and the risk of offspring morbidity: a longitudinal cohort study.

Auger N, et al. Eur J Pediatr. 2024 Jun 17.

Performance of ChatGPT and Google Translate for Pediatric Discharge Instruction Translation.

Brewster RCL, et al. Pediatrics. 2024 Jun 11:e2023065573. 

Early Bubble CPAP Protocol Implementation and Rates of Death or Severe BPD.

de Carvalho Nunes G, et al. Pediatrics. 2024 Jun 18:e2023065373. 

Accuracy of Urinalysis for UTI in Spina Bifida.

Forster CS, et al. Pediatrics. 2024 Jun 7:e2023065192. 

Trends in C-Reactive Protein Use in Early-Onset Sepsis Evaluations and Associated Antibiotic Use.

Barboza AZ, et al. J Pediatr. 2024 Jun 18:114153. 

Screening Accuracy of BMI for Adiposity Among 8- to 19-Year-Olds.

Freedman DS, et al. Pediatrics. 2024 Jun 3:e2024065960. 

Epidemiology and Management of Pediatric Group A Streptococcal Pneumonia With Parapneumonic Effusion: An Observational Study.

Lees EA, et al. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2024 Jun 19. 

Hyperbilirubinemia and retinopathy of prematurity: a retrospective cohort study.

Gulden S, et al. Eur J Pediatr. 2024 Jun 15. 

Current practice in the care of children with functional constipation: What is the hold up?

van der Zande JMJ, et al. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2024 Jun 25. 

Respiratory Syncytial Virus-Associated Hospitalizations in Children <5 Years: 2016-2022.

McMorrow ML, et al. Pediatrics. 2024 Jun 6:e2023065623. 

Pneumococcal Colonization in Children With Persistent Asthma: A Retrospective Cohort.

Olarte L, et al. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2024 Jun 17. 

Proton Pump Inhibitors and Risk of COVID-19 Infection in Children.

Hirsch S, et al. J Pediatr. 2024 Jun 27:114179. 

Sensorineural hearing impairment among preterm children: a Norwegian population-based study.

Hemmingsen D, et al. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2024 Jun 11:fetalneonatal-2024-326870.

Characteristics of children aged 5 and under presenting with ingestion: An analysis of cases from a tertiary child protection unit.

Graus S, et al. J Paediatr Child Health. 2024 Jun 12.

Sleep Duration and Blood Pressure in Youth Referred for Elevated Blood Pressure Evaluation.

Kogon AJ, et al. Pediatrics. 2024 Jun 18:e2023062940. 

BODYFAT: a new calculator to determine the risk of being overweight validated in Spanish children between 11 and 17 years of age.

Martín-Miguel MV, et al. Eur J Pediatr. 2024 Jun 19. 

Anticipated Effects of Higher-valency Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccines on Colonization and Acute Otitis Media.

Kaur R, et al. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2024 Jun 5. 

Assessing the Burden of Respiratory Syncytial Virus-related Bronchiolitis in Primary Care and at 15-Day and 6-Month Follow-up Before Prophylaxis in France: A Test-negative Study.

Rybak A, et al. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2024 Jul 1;43(7):657-662. 

Characterizing Biomarkers of Continuous Peristalsis and Bolus Transit during Oral Feeding in Infants at pH-Impedance Evaluation: Clinical and Research Implications.

Alexander A, et al. J Pediatr. 2024 Jun 17:114154.

RSV in Young Children During and After the COVID-19 Pandemic-Implications for Delaying the Age of First Infection.

Hancock Z, et al. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2024 Jun 26. 

Risk Factors for Persistent Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia in Children.

Thornley EM, et al. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2024 Jun 21.

Infant Deaths After Texas’ 2021 Ban on Abortion in Early Pregnancy.

Gemmill A, et al. JAMA Pediatr. 2024 Jun 24:e240885. 

Abortion Bans Harm Not Just Pregnant People-They Harm Newborns and Infants Too.

Moayedi G, et al. JAMA Pediatr. 2024 Jun 24. 

Increased Severity of Mycoplasma pneumoniae Infections in Spanish Children.

Méndez-Echevarría A, et al. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2024 Jun 26. 

Role of urine Gram stain in young febrile infants with a suspected urinary tract infection: a cohort study.

Gomez B, et al. Arch Dis Child. 2024 Jun 21:archdischild-2024-327182. 

Nine is the New Ten of Apgar Scores: An Observational Retrospective Cohort Study.

Everett SS, et al. J Pediatr. 2024 Jun 14:114150. 

Experience of endotracheal intubation and supraglottic airway insertion by consultant paediatricians in non-tertiary neonatal units: a Scotland-wide survey.

Edwards G, et al. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2024 Jun 27:fetalneonatal-2024-327257. 

Genome Sequencing for Diagnosing Rare Diseases.

Wojcik MH, et al. N Engl J Med. 2024 Jun 6;390(21):1985-1997.

Eosinophil Depletion with Benralizumab for Eosinophilic Esophagitis.

Rothenberg ME, et al. N Engl J Med. 2024 Jun 27;390(24):2252-2263.

Dupilumab for Eosinophilic Esophagitis in Patients 1 to 11 Years of Age.

Chehade M, et al. N Engl J Med. 2024 Jun 27;390(24):2239-2251.

3.Guidelines and best evidence

Global Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Zhang X, et al. JAMA Pediatr. 2024 Jun 10:e241576. 

Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis: Effects of Pharmacological Treatment for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder on Quality of Life.

Bellato A, et al. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2024 May 30:S0890-8567(24)00304-6. 

Acute Kidney Injury in Neonates: A Meta-Analysis.

Meena J, et al. Pediatrics. 2024 Jun 14:e2023065182. 

Diagnosis and management of eosinophilic esophagitis in children: An update from the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN).

Amil-Dias J, et al. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2024 Jun 24. 

Systematic review of family and pediatric constipation: An overlooked piece of the puzzle.

Burton LM, et al. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2024 Jun 27.

Social Media Use and Internalizing Symptoms in Clinical and Community Adolescent Samples: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Fassi L, et al. JAMA Pediatr. 2024 Jun 24:e242078. 

Effect of probiotic supplementation on the gut microbiota in very preterm infants: a systematic review.

Vievermanns K, et al. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2024 Jun 26:fetalneonatal-2023-326691. 

Early diet and the risk of coeliac disease. An update 2024 position paper by the ESPGHAN special interest group on coeliac disease.

Szajewska H, et al. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2024 Jun 7. 

Complementary feeding approaches and risk of choking: A systematic review.

Correia L, et al. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2024 Jun 27. 

Fluid resuscitation in children with severe infection and septic shock: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Sankar J, et al. Eur J Pediatr. 2024 Jun 25.

4.Case reports

Cholestatic jaundice in an infant: A twist in the diagnosis.

Ramaswamy G, et al. J Paediatr Child Health. 2024 Jun 6. 

Double trouble: A case of chronic vomiting.

Tee EYF, Clarke S, et al. J Paediatr Child Health. 2024 Jun 20. 

If we have missed out on something useful or you think other articles are absolutely worth sharing, please add them in the comments!


  • Anke Raaijmakers is a paediatric nephrologist, currently working as clinician and researcher in Sydney (Sydney Children’s Hospital, Australia). She did her training in Belgium and Australia and previously worked as general paediatrician and paediatric nephrologist in Antwerp (ZNA Jan Palfijn, Belgium). She is passionate about education, teaching, and research and has completed a PhD on health outcomes of preterm infants. Anke strongly believes in the importance of evidence-based medicine, helping to run journal clubs everywhere she works and the BubbleWrapPlus. In her free time, she loves to play hockey and hike with her husband and three kids.

    View all posts


No data was found

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *