Ventricular Septal Defect

Ventricular Septal Defect

Cite this article as: Anders, M. Ventricular Septal Defect, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.3613Definition: interventricular septal communication (IVS) defined by its location. The IVS can be divided into a muscular and membranous portion, hence perimembranous VSD (80%) or muscular VSD (inlet/trabecular/outlet = infundibular region).

Truncus Arteriosus

Truncus Arteriosus

Cite this article as: Anders, M. Truncus Arteriosus, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.3527Definition: single arterial trunk and overriding VSD, arising from normally formed ventricles. Absent or diminutive PDA.

tricuspid atresia

Tricuspid atresia

Cite this article as: Anders, M. Tricuspid atresia, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.3492Definition: complete obstruction RA → RV (muscular TA, membranous, valvular TA and Ebstein’s anomaly) with presence of PFO/ASD, VSD, and increased mitral valve annulus, leading to hypertrophic LV and hypoplastic RV.

T3 in cardiac surgery

Cite this article as: Anders, M. T3 in cardiac surgery, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.3709Definition: triiodothyronine levels decrease in infants and children after cardiopulmonary bypass. Lower T3 concentration is associated with a more complicated recovery in PICU after congenital heart surgery.

Total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage

Total anomalous pulmonary venous return

Cite this article as: Anders, M. Total anomalous pulmonary venous return, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.3626Definition: connection of the pulmonary vein to remnants of embryologic venous circulation rather than the left atrium. This may include all four pulmonary veins (TAPVR) or only part of it (PAPVR).