Cardiomyopathy

Cite this article as: Anders, M. Cardiomyopathy, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.3772Basic investigation: ECG, CXR, ECHO, FBE, clotting, UEC  (incl. Ca++, Mg++, Fe++, PO4—), CRP, ESR, albumin, LFT, TFT, BNP, troponin I, troponin T, lactate, ABG, VBG. Extended investigation: Cardiac MRI. 24 hr Holter monitor. Blood: amino acids, carnitine, acyl-carnitine, ammonia, Cu,…

Berlin heart VAD Excor

Cite this article as: Anders, M. Berlin heart VAD Excor, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.3797Definition: Paracorporal, pneumatically driven, pulsatile flow mechanical support device driven by a central driving unit (Ikus®) and different sizes of blood pumps (10, 25, 30, 50, 60, 80ml), can be used as RVAD, LVAD or BIVAD. Aim: Bridge…

ABO incompatible blood transfusion

Cite this article as: Anders, M. ABO incompatible blood transfusion, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.3786UNOS Policy: ABO incompatible HTX for children up to 2 years (with acceptable isohaemoglutinin titres – less than 1:4) Recipient Donor compatible Donor incompatible Antibodies to avoid Plasma / Platelets RBC 0 0 0 0 AB Anti AAnti B…

Central venous catheters

Cite this article as: Anders, M. Central venous catheters, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.3767Use of central venous catheters in the acute care setting is an integral approach to deliver fluids, blood products, nutrients, medications, obtaining blood specimens, maintaining emergency vascular access, and for haemodynamic monitoring. Risk factors: Mechanical complications (malposition, occlusion, dislodgement,…

Infection

Cite this article as: Anders, M. Infection, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.3764Surgical site infection (superficial/deep/organ): Prevalence 5-10% Within 10-14 days post surgery Most common: Staphylococcus aureus Risk factors: neonate, HLHS, hospitalization prior surgery, TPN, emergency procedures, long CPB Blood stream infection: Prevalence 5-10% Within 10-14 days post surgery Most common: gram negative…

Formulae

Cite this article as: Anders, M. Formulae, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.3746Body surface index (BSA) = ( [Height(cm) x Weight(kg) ] / 3600 )½ Mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) = (SBP + 2 x DBP) / 3 Transpulmonary gradient (TPG) = mPAP – PCWP or in Glenn/Fontan: SVC (CVP) – LAP Cardiac output (CO) = SV x…