Low cardiac output syndrome

Cite this article as:
Anders, M. Low cardiac output syndrome, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at:

Definition: oxygen delivery provided by CO does not meet oxygen demand (or CI < 2.1 L/min/m2) due to inflammatory response of CPB, myocardial ischaemia from aortic crossclamp, hypo-/hyperthermia, reperfusion injury and surgical treatment (ventriculotomy).