Chylothorax

Cite this article as: Anders, M. Chylothorax, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.3685Definition: accumulation of lymphatic fluid or chyle in the pleural space (triglyceride level >1.1 mmol/l or total cell count >1000 cells/ml with >80% lymphocytes).

Pulmonary hypertension

Cite this article as: Anders, M. Pulmonary hypertension, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.3731Definition: systolic PAP >35 mmHg or mean PAP >25 mmHg, clinically if systolic PAP:systolic BP <0.5 WHO Classification I. Pulmonary arterial hypertension I.1 Idiopathic I.2 Familial I.3 Associated with collagen vascular disease, portal hypertension, HIV, drugs & toxins, congenital systemic-pulmonary shunts,…

Pacing

Cite this article as: Anders, M. Pacing, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.3715NBG Code I II III IV V Paced Sensed Mode Modulation Multi-site 0-none 0-none 0-none 0 -none A-Atrium A-Atrium T-triggered R-rate modulated A-Atrium V-Ventricle V-Ventricle I-inhibited D-dual D-dual D-dual   Modes of Pacing Description Indication Limitation AOO asynchronous atrial Bradycardia w/…

Fontan circulation

Fontan circulation

Cite this article as: Anders, M. Fontan circulation, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.3498Definition: separates pulmonary and systemic blood flow in single ventricle physiology; accomplished by intra-atrial lateral tunnelling of the IVC flow into RPA, or extracardiac via conduit (extracardiac Fontan)

Blalock-Taussig Shunt

Blalock-Taussig Shunt

Cite this article as: Anders, M. Blalock-Taussig Shunt, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.3598Definition: Modified Blalock-Taussig shunt: Gortex graft from subclavian or innominate artery to the ipsilateral PA to augment PBF. Blalock-Taussig shunt: direct anastomosis between the transected subclavian artery (or the innominate artery) and the pulmonary artery.

Ebstein's Anomaly

Ebstein’s Anomaly

Cite this article as: Anders, M. Ebstein’s Anomaly, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.3465Definition: ‘atrialisation’ of the right ventricle with inferior placement of the septal and posterior leaflet of the tricuspid valve (most common redundant anterior leaflet).

Low cardiac output syndrome

Cite this article as: Anders, M. Low cardiac output syndrome, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.3711Definition: oxygen delivery provided by CO does not meet oxygen demand (or CI < 2.1 L/min/m2) due to inflammatory response of CPB, myocardial ischaemia from aortic crossclamp, hypo-/hyperthermia, reperfusion injury and surgical treatment (ventriculotomy).

Glenn Shunt

Glenn Shunt

Cite this article as: Anders, M. Glenn Shunt, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at: http://doi.org/10.31440/DFTB.3604Definition: transection of the SVC, which is anastomosed to the right pulmonary artery (RPA). Hemi-fontan: confluence of SVC and RA anastomosed to RPA. Redirection of IVC and coronary sinus via baffle through ASD into LA.