Anders, M. Patent ductus arteriosus, Don't Forget the Bubbles, 2013. Available at:
Definition: postnatal communication between MPA and descending aorta.
Definition: systolic PAP >35 mmHg or mean PAP >25 mmHg, clinically if systolic PAP:systolic BP <0.5 WHO Classification I. Pulmonary arterial hypertension I.1 Idiopathic I.2 Familial I.3 Associated with collagen vascular disease, portal hypertension, HIV, drugs & toxins, congenital systemic-pulmonary shunts, others I.4 Persistent PHT in the Newborn I.5 Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease II. Pulmonary hypertension w/…
NBG Code I II III IV V Paced Sensed Mode Modulation Multi-site 0-none 0-none 0-none 0 -none A-Atrium A-Atrium T-triggered R-rate modulated A-Atrium V-Ventricle V-Ventricle I-inhibited D-dual D-dual D-dual Modes of Pacing Description Indication Limitation AOO asynchronous atrial Bradycardia w/ intact AV, poor atrial sensing vulnerable Phase → AF VOO asynchronous ventricular Bradycardia w/…
Definition: anomalous origin of left coronary artery (LCA) from pulmonary artery; also known as Bland-White-Garland syndrome; reaches 100% mortality if untreated.
Definition: separates pulmonary and systemic blood flow in single ventricle physiology; accomplished by intra-atrial lateral tunnelling of the IVC flow into RPA, or extracardiac via conduit (extracardiac Fontan)
Definition: Modified Blalock-Taussig shunt: Gortex graft from subclavian or innominate artery to the ipsilateral PA to augment PBF. Blalock-Taussig shunt: direct anastomosis between the transected subclavian artery (or the innominate artery) and the pulmonary artery.
Definition: ‘atrialisation’ of the right ventricle with inferior placement of the septal and posterior leaflet of the tricuspid valve (most common redundant anterior leaflet).
Definition: oxygen delivery provided by CO does not meet oxygen demand (or CI < 2.1 L/min/m2) due to inflammatory response of CPB, myocardial ischaemia from aortic crossclamp, hypo-/hyperthermia, reperfusion injury and surgical treatment (ventriculotomy).
Definition: transection of the SVC, which is anastomosed to the right pulmonary artery (RPA). Hemi-fontan: confluence of SVC and RA anastomosed to RPA. Redirection of IVC and coronary sinus via baffle through ASD into LA.