Mandible x-rays

An orthopantomogram (OPG) is a good view to demonstrate most mandibular fractures.   A PA mandible shows the displacement of fractures. It also demonstrates symphysis menti fractures which can be missed on the OPG. If an OPG cannot be obtained, a lateral view can be helpful. The body and ramus can be viewed along with…

Can you see what I see?

When it comes to imaging children we are all about the ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) approach. One of the best ways to do this is not to use radiation at all. Unfortunately not all of us can be Casey Parker, and so we might need some help with our ultrasound skills.

Ankle x-rays

The ankle consists of three bones – the tibia, the fibula, and the talus. The ankle also consist of two joints – the ankle joint (where the tibia, fibula and talus meet) and the syndesmosis joint (the joint between the tibia and fibula which is help together by ligaments). There are three main sets of…

Knee X-rays

1.  Know your knee anatomy See the the anatomical landmarks on the diagrams below.   Remember that the knees of younger children will look different, as the patella forms, and the ossification centres form.   2. Look for an effusion There are two fat pads in the knee the suprapatellar fat pad the prefemoral fat…

SonoKids Pneumonia

This week’s vodcast is a great new series by SonoKids. Kasia Hampton gives us a crash course in diagnosing pneumonia using ultrasonography. In this vodcast that is less than ten minutes long, Kasia covers all the basics. It starts with an overview of the normal lung anatomy as seen on ultrasound and continues right through to…

Spitting the dummy

A 4 month old male infant is brought to the emergency department by a fire and rescue squad after responding to a 911 call for respiratory distress. He was sucking on a pacifier when his caretakers noticed that he had sucked the pacifier into his mouth.

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